عنوان مقاله [English]
Actions based on benevolence and altruism are considered to be one of the strengths of man in religious culture and the contents of various verses confirm this kind of attitude. As nothing after performing (conducting) the obligations such as goodness and serving God’s servants, causes the human being to approach (nearness to) God, Comprehensive purpose of supportive actions and its functions are also expressed in this group of verses. This study intends to use the qualitative method of inductive content analysis to examine the function of the normative system of non-governmental supportive actions based on the comprehensive purpose and answer the following questions: what are the procedures of supportive actions based on Quranic teachings? What groups and social classes are the goals of supportive actions? What are the functions of these actions? The procedure of supporting actions of infāq (Arabic: إنفاق , literally disbursement), ihsan (Arabic: إحسان , ʾiḥsān, literally “beautification”, “perfection” or “excellence”), charity (Arabic: صدقة , ṣadaqah, benevolence), Qarz al-Hasna (Arabic: القرض الحسن , benevolent lending), khums (literally ‘one fifth’) and zakat (zakāh that which purifies wealth) was examined and the common chapter of the functions of supporting actions of Quranic teachings is economic growth, forgiveness and separation from deviance, preventing the polarization of societies and creating cohesion and solidarity, kindness (benevolence) to oneself and receiving better reward, purification of the soul and psyche from iniquity were identified.
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