عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the constant strategies of the elected governments after the revolution in the face of currency crises has been to choose the preferential exchange rate and distribute the currency at imperative (imposed) prices. Imposed (imperative) control of exchange rate is economically and legally feasible; from an “economic” point of view, such a decision is clearly contrary to the economic principles and economic system desirable for Iran’s economic structure, because according to economic teachings, the ideal currency system for structures similar to Iran’s economic structure is “managed floating exchange system” and from an economic point of view, “fixed exchange rate system” is nothing but wasting currency and distributing rents and increasing structural corruption. The country’s foreign exchange system through the economic reflections and from a “legal” perspective, in accordance with Article 20 of the Law on Permanent Provisions of Development is a “managed floating foreign exchange system”, so choosing a fixed exchange rate system and allocating foreign exchange at a preferential rate can be considered a violation of the law, which can be the source of “civil liability arising from illegal regulations” and hold the government accountable for damages resulting from illegal decisions. According to these analyzes, it seems that the method of imperative controlling the price of foreign exchange (currency), even in order to prevent price increases, is both from a legal and economic point of view and is doomed to failure.
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