عنوان مقاله [English]
The elected governments after the Revolution have chosen the preferential exchange rate and exchange distribution at the planned prices as permanent solutions for currency crises. Exchange rate control is notable economically and legally; such decision is against the economic principle and an optimal economic system for economic structure of Iran in terms of “economic functionalism”. According to the economic doctrines, a “managed floating exchange rate system” is an optimal currency system for structure similar to the economic structure of Iran and “fixed exchange rate system” leads to currency overuse, rent distribution and increased structural corruption. Considering the economic reflections from the legal view, the paragraph (D) of the Law of Permanent Development provisions points to “managed float regime” as the optimal currency system in Iran. In this case, any action against the law may create “the civil liability caused by regulations against law” that required the government for compensation due to illegal decisions. According to the mentioned subjects, the exchange rate control will fail economically and legally even if it is done to curb rising prices.